Pierre Bourdieu was one of the most influential sociologists and anthropologists of the late twentieth century. He was appointed Director of Studies at the École des hautes études en sciences sociales in 1964 and Professor of Sociology at the Collège de France in 1981. He is perhaps best known for his theory of practice and his influential concepts of habitus, capital and field, which are widely used in the study of culture. His numerous books on Algeria, where he did his early fieldwork, on education and inequality in France, on culture, taste and class and on the production of culture and art were translated into many languages and continue to be enormously influential, making him one of the most important figures in the social sciences and humanities. Polity has published many of Bourdieu's most important works, including Homo Academicus, The Logic of Practice, The Rules of Art, Language and Symbolic Power, The Field of Cultural Production and On the State.