Victor Klemperer was a Romance languages scholar and diarist who has gained a posthumous reputation as one of the most important chroniclers of the Nazi era. Born to a Jewish family in 1881, he fought in the First World War and gained distinction as a writer, journalist and professor at the Technical University of Dresden. Under Nazism, he experienced persecution, degradation and terror, miraculously surviving due to a mixture of luck and quick thinking in the devastation of 1945 Dresden. He described these experiences with immense literary ability and humanity in his diaries, published in three volumes covering the Third Reich and its aftermath, which have become bestsellers and a standard source for historians of the period. In 1995, Klemperer was posthumously awarded the Geschwister Scholl Prize in recognition of the importance of his witness to the horrors of Nazism. Polity is the publisher of his Munich 1919: Diary of a Revolution.