Innovation in ChinaChallenging the Global Science and Technology System
Innovation in China
Challenging the Global Science and Technology System

China is in the midst of transitioning from a manufacturing-based economy to one driven by innovation and knowledge. This up-to-date analysis evaluates China's state-led approach to science and technology, and its successes and failures.

In recent decades, China has seen huge investments in high-tech science parks, a surge in home-grown top-ranked global companies, and a significant increase in scientific publications and patents. Helped by a flexible business culture, state policies that favor domestic over foreign enterprises, and a still-immature intellectual property rights system, the country has been able to leapfrog its way to a more globally competitive position in the international division of labor.

However, the authors argue that this approach might not yield the same level of progress going forward if China does not address serious institutional, organizational, and cultural obstacles. Since many of these are ingrained into the fabric of China’s prevailing culture from the days of state planning and top-down government policy, they will require significant structural change to enable China to truly transform its innovation system. While not impossible, this task may well prove to be more difficult for the Chinese Communist Party than the challenges that China has faced in the past.

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  • August 2018 (pb)
    August 2018 (hb)
  • 232 pages
  • 148 x 210 mm / 6 x 8 in
Available Formats
  • Hardback $64.95
  • 9780745689562
  • Paperback $22.95
  • 9780745689579
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  • 9780745689609
Table of Contents

Introduction: From the World’s Factory to the World’s Innovator?

Chapter 1 - China’s Science and Technology Policy - A New Developmental State?

Chapter 2 - Science and Technology in China: A Historical Overview

Chapter 3 - China’s Science and Technology Enterprise: Can Government-Led Efforts Successfully Spur Innovation?

Chapter 4 - China’s International S&T Relations: From Self-Reliance to Active Global Engagement

Chapter 5 - How Effective Is China’s State-Led Approach to High-Tech Development?

Chapter 6 - Xi Jinping’s Chinese Dream: Some Challenges

About the Author

Richard P. Appelbaum is Professor Emeritus and former Distinguished Research Professor and MacArthur Chair in Global and International Studies and Sociology at the University of California, Santa Barbara

Cong Cao Professor in Innovation Studies at the University of Nottingham Ningbo China

Xueying Han is Research Staff Member at the Science and Technology Policy Institute (STPI)

Rachel Parker is Senior Director of Research at the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR)

Denis Simon is Executive Vice Chancellor at Duke Kunshan University

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