Key Concepts is a series of concise and accessible textbooks exploring core concepts in the social sciences. The books focus on concepts that have a high degree of complexity surrounding them, and they get to the heart of debates about meaning and usage.
Mental illness is a highly controversial and contested field, informed by the ideas and research of academics and practitioners working in psychiatry, psychology, pharmacology, sociology, genetics and the neurosciences. This book brings clarity to a complex field, exploring core issues ranging from debates about the way the concept has been developed, transformed and expanded over time, to controversies over its causes.
In today’s uncertain world, the concept of global governance has never been more relevant or widely discussed. But what does this elusive idea really mean, and why has it become so important? This pacey introduction sheds new light on the issues involved, offering readers a comprehensive account of competing conceptions of global governance, and evaluating the ways in which rival theories strive to make sense of our complex world.
This book is a fresh and engaging analysis of the city as a central concept in contemporary social thought. It probes the contested and negotiated ways in which cities are built, understood, used and imagined. Taking a thematic approach and drawing on a range of theoretical, methodological and empirical points of reference, it examines such subjects as urban inequality, public space, creativity, globalization, the night-time economy, suburbia, and memory and emotion.
Steven Peter Vallas
This book provides a critical overview of the myriad literatures on "work," viewed not only as a product of the marketplace but also as a social and political construct. Drawing on theoretical and empirical contributions from sociology, history, economics, and organizational studies, the book brings together perspectives that too often remain balkanized, using each to explore the nature of work today.
Human Rights invites students to think conceptually about one of the most important and influential political concepts of our time. This unique interdisciplinary approach emphasizes the complex ways in which the experiences of the victims of human rights violations are related to legal, philosophical and social-scientific approaches to human rights.
Global financial markets are in turmoil. In the wake of the US subprime mortgage defaults, some of the largest and oldest financial institutions on Wall Street have found themselves on the verge of collapse, and both the American and British governments have intervened to try to stabilize the financial sector. Why are financial institutions so important for capitalism, and why are so many of these institutions in trouble today?
Anthony D. Smith
“All who are interested in the study of nationalism are most fortunate to have available this masterly, updated distillation of Anthony Smith's four decades of intensive scholarship on the topic. It is concise and yet treats all of nationalism's key aspects, including its wellsprings and historical evolution. Students are certain to benefit from its clarity and from its critical, sweeping review of the literature.”
— Walker Connor, Middlebury College, Vermont
Welfare is an important concept in the social sciences. It is also challenged and contested not only by alternative concepts but also as a political goal in itself. Using a multi-disciplinary approach, this book takes a fresh look at the continuing relevance of welfare in the context of policy developments and popular attitudes and behaviour.
This book gives a comprehensive yet widely accessible introduction to how risk has been analysed in sociology and related social sciences. Drawing on a multiplicity of theoretical approaches it will be invaluable for students and researchers interested in risk in relation to politics, environment, health, media, leisure, economy and culture.
This accessible book takes a fresh and original approach to the concept of youth, placing changes in the social construction of ‘youth’ within a more general story of the rise and fall of grand theory in social science and re-theorizing the concept of youth in ways which are relevant to young people’s lives today.
“Steve Bruce writes always with great lucidity from a clearly stated point of view. His essay on Fundamentalism is no exception. It is well informed and easily accessible and it deserves to be taken seriously even by people who disagree with his view.”
— Martin Riesebrodt, University of Chicago
“What Anthony Elliott accomplished in the first edition of Concepts was remarkable. Here, a second time around, he does it still again – even better! No reader, whether student or scholar, will want to be without this brilliant book – a claim certified by the thousands of students who enjoyed the first edition.”
— Charles Lemert, Wesleyan University
“Judith Phillips’s book takes a fresh look at the much debated and researched concept of care. The author not only reviews current thinking on the subject and what has shaped that thinking but also provides some interesting new perspectives.”
— Julia Johnson, Open University
“Written with unusual clarity and confidence, this small book packs a big intellectual punch. No one interested in new work in the sociology of consumption should be without it.”
— Charles Lemert, Wesleyan University.
“Clearly written and very readable, Aldridge's text surveys a range of debates on the rise of the market, its advocates and critics, successes and failures, market ideologies and social values, globalization and the ‘marketization’ of public life.”
— Dr Fran Tonkiss, LSE
“The social and political implications of the spread of networks have begun to attract increasing scholarly attention. Barney's eloquently written book provides much needed philosophical and political depth to the subject and will be likely to become an essential source in years to come.”
— Ronald J. Deibert, University of Toronto
Colin Barnes and Geof Mercer
In this book, Barnes and Mercer provide a concise and accessible introduction to the concept of disability. Drawing on a burgeoning ‘disability studies' literature from around the world, and from a range of disciplinary perspectives, the authors explore the evolution of this concept and offer a wide-ranging critique of established academic, policy and professional orthodoxies. The book highlights disabled peoples' exclusion and marginalization in key areas of social activity and participation across different historical and cultural contexts, such as family life and reproduction, education, employment, leisure, cultural imagery and politics.
“A great text: revised and updated for students of health, whatever their discipline or background. Changes in science, technology and our understanding of the body are among the many important topics covered. Mildred Blaxter writes in a lucid style and has a command of her material that is second to none. Highly recommended.”
— Mike Bury, Royal Holloway, University of London
In this 2nd edition, Steve Fenton updates his concise and accessible introduction to ethnicity, drawing on new published work and recent social and historical changes. Discussing an extended range of theorists and illustrations from around the world, Fenton explores and clarifies the core meanings and the shifting ground of this contested concept.
Anthony Payne and Nicola Phillips
Just about everyone is 'for' development as an assumed 'good', yet few seem to have a concrete idea of what the term actually entails. Development offers a comprehensive and wide-ranging analysis of the various ways in which this important concept has been used in social and political analysis over the past 200 years.
In this new edition of her popular and highly lauded book, Harriet Bradley provides an introduction to the concept of gender and the different theoretical approaches which have developed within gender studies.
Mónica Brito Vieira and David Runciman
Representation is the foundational idea in almost all areas of political life. This introductory text examines the historical roots of representation from ancient Rome to the present day, analysing the different varieties of representation and how they can help us think creatively about current and future challenges facing the world.
“Sovereignty is the great survivor amongst modern political concepts. Its death has often been foretold. Yet it persists. In this penetrating and elegantly written book Robert Jackson explains why. It will be indispensable reading for all students of politics and international relations.”
— James Mayall, Centre of International Studies, Cambridge
This is an engaging and accessible introduction to divergent conceptions of freedom in contemporary liberal political philosophy. It is the ideal introduction to the thought of Isaiah Berlin, Gerald MacCallum, Robert Nozick, Hillel Steiner, Ronald Dworkin, and Joseph Raz and to the concept of freedom more generally.
This groundbreaking study sets out to clarify one of the most influential but least studied of all political concepts, charting the conflicting meanings of ‘the people’ and the concept's development from the ancient populus Romanus to the present day.
“In this excellent book, Alejandro Colás draws together a wide range of theoretical perspectives and combines them with rich historical detail to illustrate his argument. That he does so in a concise, readable and yet rigorous way is something to be applauded. In short, Empire is a highly impressive achievement.”
— Ray Kiely, SOAS, University of London
In this wide-ranging book, Russell Hardin sets out to dispel the myths surrounding the concept of trust in contemporary society and politics. He examines the growing literature on trust to analyze public concerns about declining levels of trust, both in our fellow citizens and in our governments and their officials.
“This thought-provoking analysis is informed by its understanding of both the experience and meaning of poverty. It deserves to be made compulsory reading for all those engaged in making, carrying out or studying policies that affect the lives of people in poverty in any way.”
— Adrian Sinfield, University of Edinburgh
Anne Mette Kjær
Governance is an easy-to read introduction to an increasingly important concept in political science. It provides a clear overview of how the concept has been used in the sub-fields of public administration and public policy, international relations, European studies, and comparative politics.
“This is a clear and promising attempt to explain and develop some deeply held and widely shared intuitions about justice.”
— Thomas Pogge, Australian National University
Jennifer Jackson Preece
“This is an important book. At a time when western societies are becoming increasingly polarised between those who urge the virtues of multiculturalism and those who fear that our values are being undermined and our security threatened by the presence of minorities, we badly need a careful and clear-headed appraisal of minority rights and the dilemmas that they pose. Jennifer Jackson-Preece is to be congratulated providing us with just such an account.”
— James Mayall, University of Cambridge
“Scott provides a well-documented and admirably succinct analysis of social power in all its diverse forms and their embodiment in both hierarchical social institutions and interpersonal relations.”
— Dennis Wrong, Emeritus Professor, New York University
This highly accessible book provides an engaging introduction to the concept of equality and to the debates, historical and contemporary, that surround it. It explains and critically considers how the demand for equality arises in different spheres. The book will be of interest to students and researchers in philosophy and the social sciences and anyone interested in the values that animate democratic political life.