Max Weber was a German sociologist and, along with Durkheim and Marx, one of the founding figures of sociology. His work on bureaucracy and rationalization, on the relationship between economics and religion and on methodology in the social sciences has constituted a crucial building block in the entire intellectual edifice of the social sciences. Born in 1864 in Prussia, in the course of his career he taught at the universities of Freiburg, Heidelberg and Munich. His major concern was examining the process of rationalization that he saw as central to the rise of capitalism and modernity, a development that he feared would trap humanity in the ‘iron cage’ of disenchantment. He also conducted classic studies of the relationship between religion, particularly Protestantism, and economic development, as well as producing epoch-defining work on authority, politics and many other themes. Polity has published his The Russian Revolutions.