Étienne Balibar’s subtle and erudite work on Marxist thought and a range of social and political themes has earned him a prominent place within the pantheon of contemporary French philosophy. Balibar is now Professor Emeritus at University of Paris X and Distinguished Professor of Humanities at the University of California, Irvine. Starting out as one of the star students of Louis Althusser and a co-author of the influential Reading Capital, he later entered into a celebrated intellectual dialogue with Immanuel Wallerstein, which sharpened his focus on race and nationhood. Combining these concerns with his sophisticated adaptation of the philosophical legacy of Marxism, in recent decades he has focused on a range of contemporary issues, from violence, identity and ideology to questions of European citizenship and the nation-state. These themes resonate in Citizenship, which he published with Polity in 2015.