Eduardo Viveiros de Castro

Eduardo Viveiros de Castro is an internationally recognized Brazilian anthropologist whose work focuses on the indigenous peoples of the Amazon. Currently Professor of Anthropology at the National Museum of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Viveiros de Castro has taught at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales in Paris, the University of Chicago and the University of Cambridge. He is perhaps best known for coining the concept of ‘perspectivism’, which, utilizing philosophical ideas drawn from Nietzsche, Deleuze and Leibniz, shows how the Amerindian cosmological worldview is based upon distinctions between humans and non-humans which are impossible to transpose into Western terms and which challenge our understanding of the distinction between nature and culture. His more recent work, encapsulated in his Polity book The Ends of the World (with Déborah Danowski), has provided an interpretation of current discourses concerning ecological crisis as unintentional Western attempts at producing a mythology suitable to the present day.