Pascal Bruckner is a French philosopher who has gained a reputation as one of the most controversial, rigorous and savage critics of the west's sacred intellectual cows. Coming to prominence in the 1980s and 90s as a leading light among the New Philosophers, who reacted against the Marxism and poststructuralism then dominant in French intellectual life, he has taught for many years at the Institut d'Études Politiques de Paris. Bruckner has shone a light on what he sees as the self-flagellation and cant of much contemporary liberal and leftist thought, addressing subjects ranging from ecological catastrophism and marriage to happiness and western guilt about empire with his characteristic literary flair and gift for provocation. He has published The Fanaticism of the Apocalypse, Has Marriage for Love Failed? and An Imaginary Racism: Islamophobia and Guilt with Polity.