Tzvetan Todorov is a Franco-Bulgarian philosopher whose polymathic writings have influenced fields ranging from literary theory and history to sociology and politics. He was a senior figure at the National Centre for Scientific Research in Paris for many years, and is now its Honorary Director. He is famous for bringing the traditions of Russian formalism to bear on the development of literary structuralism and redefining the central concepts of Western semiotics. In recent years he has increasingly addressed questions of political theory and current affairs, problematizing the idea of a Manichaean confrontation between the ‘enlightened’ West and Islam and arguing that the supposed proponents of liberal democracy are in many ways its secret enemies. Polity has published three of his books on these themes, The New World Disorder, The Fear of Barbarians and The Inner Enemies of Democracy.