Was Hitler Ill?A Final Diagnosis
Was Hitler Ill?
A Final Diagnosis
Four months after the end of the war, Hitler’s personal physician Theo Morell stated to his fellow prisoner Karl Brandt: “In fact, Hitler was never sick.” Brandt, who had been responsible for the “euthanasia” killings and was thus deeply implicated in the crimes of the Nazi regime, disagreed. He claimed that Morell had “pumped the Führer full of drugs” and was now merely attempting to justify his actions. In his opinion, Morell had turned Hitler into a physical wreck.

The image of a decrepit and drug-dependent psychopath in the Reich Chancellery bunker is one of the most enduring myths about Hitler. It provides a simple explanation for his actions: who but a sick man could have ordered the killing of millions of people? Hans-Joachim Neumann and Henrik Eberle study this question and seek answers in the detailed notes and diaries left by Morell, in medical reports, pharmacological analyses and interviews with eye witnesses. Their conclusions are clear and definitive.
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  • November 2012
  • 300 pages
  • 163 x 237 mm / 6 x 9 in
Available Formats
  • Hardback $14.95
  • 9780745652221
Table of Contents

Acknowledgements vi

Illustrations viii

Glossary ix

List of Abbreviations xi

1 Madness, Design and Reality: Why a Medical Biography of Hitler? 1

2 The Diseased Hitler: A Historiographical Project 7

3 Hitler’s Doctors: Personal Physician Morell and Others 46

4 Hitler’s Medicine Chest: The Drugs and their Effects 74

5 Hitler’s Medical History 104

6 Hitler’s Health and the War 142

7 Concluding Diagnosis 186

Notes 191

Selected Bibliography 229

Index 236

About the Author
Hans-Joachim Neumann is Emeritus Professor of Medicine at Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin.

Henrik Eberle is Lecturer in Modern History at the University of Halle-Wittenberg, Germany. In 2005, in collaboration with Mathias Uhl, he wrote The Hitler Book, which became an international bestseller.

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"Few historians have emphasized 'the rational core of Hitler’s anti-Semitism: expedience' ... The authors’ conclusions are informative and often fascinating"
Journal of Modern History

"The authors provide an extremly detailed and well researched chronology of Hitler and his medical history"
Orange Standard

"A tour de force ... Neumann and Eberle's treatment is sane, thorough and meticulous. It is anatomical in its detail, as befits the subject matter. It is clearly authoritative, without a trace of sensationalism ... The authors' conclusion is an important one, dispelling the myths and excuses: Hitler was healthy and fully responsible for his criminal actions."
Times Higher Education

"Eberle and Neumann's retrospective diagnoses are compact, clear, authoritative and persuasive."
London Review of Books

"Historian Henrik Eberle and Hans-Joachim Neumann, a professor emeritus of medicine at Berlin's Charité University Hospital, have combined the use of documentary material with modern medical analysis to separate myth from verifiable facts. The book purports to offer nothing short of 'conclusive findings' on Hitler's state of health. It also reveals quite a few ghastly details about the dictator."
Der Spiegel

"The image of a frail, drug-dependent psychopath in the bunker of the Reich Chancellery is one of the most enduring myths about Hitler. The explanation is simple: anyone who has millions of people killed must be ill. Hans-Joachim Neumann and Henrik Eberle pursue this theory and search for answers in the complete estate of Hitler's physician Morell, medical reports, pharmacological analysis and eyewitness reports. They arrive at a clear and decisive conclusion."
Der Neue Tag

"It's time to put an end to describing Hitler as mentally ill, which is not true according to Neumann and Eberle's research ... Hitler was not only healthy but could also be held fully responsible for his criminal actions. The most absurd rumours are taken up in several chapters of the book, such as Hitler's supposed homosexuality, his alleged Jewish descent and the often rumoured violent early childhood traumas. All these theses, the authors argue, can be refuted."
Focus Online

few historians have emphasized
“the rational core of Hitler’s anti-Semitism: expedience” ðas a subsection in chapter
2 discusses ½9Þ, for example—Neumann and Eberle do an excellent job of debunking
many myths regarding Hitler’s mental and physical idiosyncrasies
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