Ethnicity in China addresses this important question: Are Western criticisms of China’s nationality policy valid?
China’s nationality policy is a key topic in the study of ethnicity in the People’s Republic of China since it determines who ethnic minorities are and how they are governed. This book shows that China’s nationality policy is based on the Confucian concept of cultural community, which plays down ethnicity and encourages acculturation and ultimate assimilation of minority nationalities into the majority Han-Chinese society.
This book then examines how China’s nationality policy affects the areas of ethnic inequality, the preservation and contribution of the rich traditions and customs of minority cultures, and the autonomy of regions such as Tibet and Xinjiang. This book also shows how China’s nationality policy influences its foreign policy towards international minority rights.
Relevant Western criticisms of China’s nationality policy are listed in the discussion of each of the above areas. Readers will reach their own conclusions on whether Western criticisms of China’s nationality policy are valid after reading this book.
Xiaowei Zang is Chair Professor of Social Sciences at the City University of Hong Kong. His book Ethnicity in Chinawas published by Polity in February 2015